Unit 6 (Labeled as 7 in Curriculum): Court System-Federal and State Courts

(Source: courtregistry.org)
Virginia Standard of Learning: CE. 10: The student will demonstrate knowledge of the judicial systems established by the Constitution of Virginia and the Constitution of the United States of America by:

a) describing the organization and jurisdiction of the state and federal courts with original and appellate jurisdiction.
Study Map of U. S. Court System: U. S. Courts
Study Map of Virginia's Court System: VA Courts

b) describe the exercise of judicial review.
Study Map for Judicial Review: Judicial Review

(source: solpass.org)

c) comparing and contrasting criminal and civil cases.
Study Map for Court Procedures: Criminal/Civil

d)explaining how due process protections seek to ensure justice.
(source: solpass.org)

Unit Vocabulary:
Jurisdiction: the right of a court to hear a case

Original jurisdiction: the right of a court to hear a case for the first time

Appellate jurisdiction: the right of a court to review the decision of an earlier case

Civil case: case involving a person accused of breaking a misdemeanor or felony

Criminal case: case to settle a disagreement between two parties

Misdemeanor: less serious crime

Felony: more serious crime

Arraignment: hearing where probable cause is reviewed, defendant is appointed an attorney, and a plea is entered.

Probable cause: reasonable suspicion that a crime has been committed

Verdict: the decision (outcome) in a case

Plea: person’s declaration of guilt or innocence

Plaintiff: person bringing about the charges / case

Defendant: person being accused / sued

Accused: person who is being charged with wrongdoing

Magistrate: court official who issues warrants, summons, subpoenas, or sets bail

Bail: money paid to court to insure a person will appear for trial

Compensation: right of a person to be made “whole” -- being repaid for something lost or wrongdoing committed against the person

Due process of law: treating a person fairly as set by rules established by law

Judicial Review: the Court’s power to review laws and acts that may violate the U.S. Constitution

Virginia's Courts
The aim of the Judicial Branch is to assure that disputes are resolved justly, promptly, and economically through a court system unified in its structures and administration.
This system is comprised of the Supreme Court of Virginia, the Court of Appeals of Virginia, circuit courts in thirty-one judicial circuits, general district and juvenile and domestic relations district courts in thirty-two districts, and magistrates in offices in thirty-two districts.
The administrative office of the courts, known in Virginia as the Office of the Executive Secretary, supports the administration of the court system under the direction of the Chief Justice and the Executive Secretary.



Journey Through Justice: Link for Virginia's Court System Journey
Review Activities for Court Systems
1. State Courts Cloze Courts Cloze
2. State Courts Drag & Drop Drag & Drop
3. Federal Courts Cloze Federal Cloze
4. Federal Courts Drag & Drop Fed Drag & Drop
5. State/Federal Courts Short Quiz Quiz
6. Judicial System Walk the Plank Judicial Plank
7. Virginia Court System Hoop Shot Hoops
8. Virginia Court System Fling the Teacher Fling